High triglyceride symptoms are invariably non-existent until significant damage has already been done. The symptoms of high triglycerides usually correlate with the concurrent disease like heart disease, diabetes, stroke, etc.
Your doctor may find your triglyceride levels elevated through blood tests including a lipoprotein panel. If your triglyceride levels are found to be too high, the following symptoms of high triglycerides may be observed.
High Triglyceride Symptoms
If you are having very high triglyceride levels, especially over a longer period of time, it may lead to inflammation of the pancreas called pancreatitis. If you have pancreatitis following symptoms may occur:
• Sudden and severe abdominal pain
• Loss of appetite
2. Fatty Liver and Liver Enlargement
Fatty liver is one of the high triglycerides symptoms and is caused by the build-up of excess fat in the liver cells. If you have fat more than 10% of your liver’s weight, it will be diagnosed as fatty liver. If you are eating more than you required, excess fat starts building up in the liver. Too much fat exhausts the liver’s normal functions and excess fat starts depositing within the liver.
Rapid weight loss, malnutrition, and alcohol abuse may also lead to fatty liver. If you have liver disease, the deposition of fats becomes more severe and pronounced. If you have high triglyceride levels, your doctor will also evaluate your liver to see the level of damage to the liver.
In the case of persistently high levels of triglycerides, the size of the liver may also increase over time. The size of the liver is usually evaluated through abdominal x-rays and ultrasound.
3. Spleen Enlargement
Spleen enlargement is also one of the high triglyceride symptoms and is usually diagnosed on a detailed examination of patients with high triglyceride levels. Abdominal x-rays and ultrasound are used to confirm the diagnosis.
4. Lipemia Retinalis
In patients with consistently very high elevation of triglycerides, it may damage the retina and this condition is called lipemia retinalis. These symptoms of high triglycerides are seen in patients with very high levels and may even reach 4000 mg/dL of triglycerides.
This is why in patients with a history of triglycerides levels, an eye examination is often included in the physical examination of the patient.
5. Eruptive Xanthomas
Xanthomas are fat deposits under the skin. If you are having very high triglycerides levels for longer period of time, yellow papules or pumps called eruptive xanthomas may be found on your back, chest, bony elbows, buttocks, knees, and heels. These papules are caused by chylomicron deposits and usually disappear once treatment is started and triglyceride levels are kept below 1000 mg/dL.
Your healthcare provider may take a biopsy sample from one of these papules to confirm the diagnosis. In another condition called dysbetalipoproteinemia (type III), very high levels of triglycerides may cause palmar xanthomas characterized by yellowish creases of palms.
There are no high triglyceride symptoms as such alarming you that you are having abnormal triglyceride levels. However, pancreatitis, liver enlargement and fatty liver, lipemia retinalis, and eruptive xanthomas are usually seen in those patients with very high levels of triglycerides over long period of time.
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